Class 2 medical certificate
A class 2 medical certificate is required for private pilot licence. The holder of a medical certificate shall be mentally and physically fit to exercise safely the privileges of the applicable licence.
If you are not a holder of the class 2 medical certificate, we will be glad to help you arrange your examination in authorized Aeromedical Centre.
Aeromedical Centre (AME) authorized to issue class 2 medical certificate in Czech Republic is "Ustav Civilniho Zdravotnictvi" in Prague.
Acceptance of medical certificate
Certificate issued by JAA member state is accepted without formality by other JAA member state.
Class 2 medical requirements
The medical requirements for a JAR pilot’s licence are contained in JAR-FCL 3 (Medical).
The Joint Aviation Requirements (JAR) are a series of regulations covering the whole of aviation that have been, or are being, implemented by the European states of the Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA). These replace national regulations so that a harmonised set of standards are applied by all the states. The aim is to allow a seamless interchange of aircraft, operations, training and licensing throughout the JAA states and thus the free movement of aviation personnel among them.
Medical History - these are questions about any previous illness declared on your application form. You will be asked about them by the examining doctor, and if there is any major illness in your past, it is important to bring reports about it from your family doctor or specialist. Appendicitis or a broken arm are not regarded as major illnesses.
Eyesight - the exact requirements and eye examination form are listed at JAR Class 2 Visual Standards :
- Distance Vision - Your visual acuity (measured by your ability to see, in this case,
lines of letters on a chart at 6 metres) must be at least 6/12 in each eye separately and 6/6 using
both eyes together, with or without glasses or contact lenses (correction).
If you need correction the refractive error (the amount of correction)
must not exceed +5.00 dioptres of long sight or -8.00 dioptres.
This is in the most ametropic meridian (taking into account any astigmatism).
Astigmatism must not exceed 3.00 dioptres. The difference in correction between each eye (anisometropia)
must not be more than 3.00 dioptres. Your optometrist will be able to explain these terms.
If you have substandard vision in one eye due to amblyopia (a ‘lazy’ eye), you can gain a Class 2 certificate if the visual acuity in the ‘bad’ eye is no worse than 6/18 and the visual acuity in the ‘good’ eye is 6/6 or better, which can be with correction.
- Near Vision - On the standard near vision eye chart you must be able to read the N5 print between 30 and 50 cm and the N14 print at 100 cm, with or without correction.
- Contact Lenses - You may wear contact lenses as a private pilot (but not to correct near vision). Any contact lenses should be brought to the examination.
- Colour Vision - You will be tested for normal colour vision with Ishihara Test Plates (a series of numbers outlined by different coloured dots, easily seen by someone with normal colour vision). If you fail these you can still gain a Class 2 certificate, but it will be limited to flying by day only. This limitation can be removed if you pass an approved colour lantern test (a series of coloured lights that you must identify correctly) in order to gain a JAR Class 2 medical certificate.
- Eye Function - There must be no acute or chronic disease in the eyes or their surrounding structures. You must have normal fields of vision. You must not suffer from double vision. A disorder of eye muscle balance (such as a squint) may need specialist assessment.
If you are in any doubt you should take a copy of the standards to an optician who will be able to interpret them. This will allow you to have an initial eye test before coming to AMC.
Physical Examination - a general check that all is functioning correctly. It will cover lungs, heart, blood pressure, stomach, limbs and nervous system.
Ears - the AME will use a normal conversational voice 2 metres behind you. You should be able to hear that in each ear separately.
For private pilots with an instrument rating, a further test called an audiogram is required. The audiogram is a test where you signify that you have heard sounds at different frequencies.
Electrocardiogram – (ECG) - this measures the electrical impulses passing through your heart. It can show disorders of the heart rhythm or of the conduction of the impulses, and sometimes it can show a lack of blood supplying the heart muscle. In the unlikely event of these changes showing on your ECG, further tests with a report from a cardiologist will have to be sought.
Lung Function Test (spirometry) - this tests your ability to breath deeply and to expel air from your lungs. It is sometimes tested if you have had any respiratory problems, eg asthma.
Haemoglobin blood test - this is a finger prick blood test which measures the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood. A low haemoglobin is called anaemia and will need further investigation.
Urine test - mainly looking for sugar (diabetes), protein or blood.
Flying Academy s.r.o.
Stara Aerovka, Hulkova ulice
Pragu 9 - Kbely, 197 00
Phone: (+420) 736 209 355
Phone: (+420) 736 621 557